How's your FICO Score?
Since we live in an computer-driven world, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage loan boils down to just one number.
Credit reporting agencies use your history of paying loans in order to compile a FICO score.
Equifax, TransUnion, and Experian, the three major credit reporting agencies, each have a proprietary formula for building your credit score. The original FICO model was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, all of the agencies use the following to build a credit score:
- Your Credit History - Have you had credit for years, or for just a short time?
- Late Payments - Do you pay your bills on time?
- Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you have, and how much do you owe?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit report for the purpose of lending you money?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is always better. Most folks who want to get a mortgage loan these days have a score above 620.
Not just for qualifying
Did you know? Credit scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Higher scores indicate you are a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Can I improve my credit score?
Is there any way to raise your credit score? Since the FICO score is entirely based on a lifetime of credit history, it's hard to make a significant improvement in the score with quick fixes. (Of course you can and should appeal incorrect items on your credit report.)
How do I find out my credit score?
To improve your score, you've got to obtain the reports that are used to build it. Of course, you need the score as well. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score along with credit reports from all three reporting agencies. Also available are helpful information and online tools that help you improve your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report every year from all three agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Now that you have all the facts, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the most favorable mortgage.
Curious about credit scores? Call us: (707) 252-2700.