FICO Credit Scores: What Do They Mean?
Because we live in a computer-driven world, it's probably not that surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage loan boils down to a single number.
The FICO score is compiled by credit reporting agencies. They use the payment history of all of your loans: credit cards, mortgages, car loans etcetera.
The three agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. The original FICO model was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; all of the agencies use the following factors in building a score:
- Credit History - Have you had credit for years, or for a short time?
- Late Payments - Do you have a history of late payments?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have lenders pulled your credit report for the purpose of giving you a loan?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is always better. Most home buyers likely find their FICO scores between 620 and 800.
Your score affects your monthly payment
Did you know? FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Higher scores indicate you are a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Improving your score
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. Since the FICO score is based on a lifetime of credit history, it's very hard to change it quickly. (Of course you must remove incorrect data on your credit report.)
Getting your credit score
To improve your score, you've got to have the credit reports that the agencies use to build it. Of course, you need the score as well. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive to get your FICO score from all three agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are helpful information and online tools that help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report once a year from the three major agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free credit score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Armed with this info, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about your credit score? Call us at (707) 252-2700.