You Credit Score: How's Your FICO?
Because we live in an automated, it's probably not that surprising that your creditworthiness boils down to a single number.
The years of paying your various bills: your mortgage, car payments, and credit card bills can be analyzed, sliced, diced, spindled and mutilated into a single indicator of whether you're likely to meet your future obligations.
Experian, TransUnion, and Equifax, the three major credit agencies, each have a proprietary formula for building your credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While the formulas vary from one agency to another, all of the agencies use the following to build your score:
- Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- Late Payments - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many credit card accounts do you have, and how much do you owe?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. Each formula produces a single number which may vary slightly from one agency to another. FICO scores range from 300 to 800. Higher scores are better. Most folks who want to get a mortgage score 620 or above.
Your credit score affects your interest rate
Did you know? FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Can I improve my credit score?
How can you improve your credit score? So called "credit repair" companies advertise quick fixes, but the FICO score is based on your lifetime credit history, so it's not possible to raise it significantly in the short term. (Of course you must appeal incorrect items on your credit report.)
Know your FICO score
In order to raise your FICO score, you've got to get the reports that the agencies use to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac, the corporation that invented the first FICO credit score, offers scores on its website: myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as credit reports from all three credit reporting agencies. Also available are helpful information and online tools that can help you understand how to improve your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once per year from all three agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Now that you have all the facts, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the most favorable mortgage.
Curious about credit scores? Give us a call at (707) 252-2700.